Pacific Islands Forum
The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
CHAIR: OLIVIA OTT
Hello everyone, and welcome to PMUNC 2018! My name is Olivia, and I am incredibly excited to be serving as the Chair of the Pacific Islands Forum for PMUNC this year. I am a junior from Sun Valley, Idaho that is studying in the Woodrow Wilson School. On campus, I am an elected representative to our Undergraduate Student Government, compete with our MUN team, serve as the Treasurer for Club Tennis, and sing with the William Trego Singers. I'm very excited for this year's PMUNC, and look forward to meeting you all in November! Please feel free to reach out if you have questions before then.
Send Position Papers To: firstname.lastname@example.org
topic a: Combating Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management
Climate change and increased exposure to disasters are two significant issues that are increasingly affecting the people of the Pacific. According to the Pacific Islands Forum website, “Pacific Small Island Developing States are disproportionately exposed to shocks, especially through economic and extreme weather events” and “the survival of several Pacific smaller islands developing states can only be safeguarded if there is concerted global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to maintain the temperature increase below 1.5 degree Celsius”. In light of the looming threat of climate change and an increase in the number of natural disasters that have rocked this region in recent years, the Pacific Islands forum must decide how to tackle these issues moving forwards. The Forum must decide how best to progress the decisions made under the Paris Agreement and successive COPs, and must specifically focus on how to gain financing for projects relating to climate change and disaster risk management.
TOPIC B: Addressing the Rise in Fishery Crimes
In 2016, the United Nations released a report that detailed concerns surrounding the rising rate of transnational crime in the Pacific Islands region, and stated that “environmental crimes are among the most serious transnational organized crime types impacting the Pacific”. Because of their geographical locations, limited law enforcement capabilities, and porous jurisdictional boundaries, the nations of the Pacific Islands Forum remain particularly vulnerable to fishery crimes. This type of criminal activity often results in severe environmental effects via unsustainable fishing practices and lead to the rapid depletion of fish stocks, which can heavily impact the economy of the Pacific region and the global food supply as a whole. Factors such as the transnational mobility of fishing vessels and limited law enforcement capabilities also mean that fishery crimes have been associated with other forms of transnational organized crimes, including drug trafficking, human trafficking, and migrant smuggling. In light of the fact that the amount of fishery crimes is believed to have increased in recent years, the Pacific Islands Forum must determine how best to mitigate this type of criminal activity and generate a better mechanism for policing and patrolling its waters.