The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an intergovernmental alliance between several North American and European countries based in the North Atlantic guarantees the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
CHAIR: talha iqbal
Hi everyone! My name is Talha and I will be chairing NATO for PMUNC 2019. I'm a current sophomore, a prospective politics major on the pre-med track, and a geek for international relations. On campus, I also write for the Daily Princetonian, breakdance, and question the basis of my entire existence (aka what the average college student does). I look forward to meeting you all this year!
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TOPIC A: Combating the Rise of Modern Day Extremism
Fanaticism has existed since the early age of humans and stems from a variety of religious, social, and political motivations among others. While the free flow of ideas and beliefs is important for a functioning society, their extremity can deteriorate a nation’s quality of life and impact national security. Western media generally focuses on groups such as the alternative right, Islamic/Christian fundamentalists, communists, and nationalists as the “primary exporters” of extremist ideologies. While all are looked at negatively, some of these groups are granted some semblance of political legitimacy whereas others can be imprisoned and tortured for information. NATO members are commonly considered to be the most progressive and democratic, especially when discussing the freedom of speech and beliefs. However, the United States houses Guantanamo Bay, a military base notorious for its use of torture and lack of due process. Poland’s recent rise in right-wing nationalism has lead to deep concerns about its democracy within the European Union. Meanwhile, France consistently suffers large acts of terrorism like in Nice (2016) and Paris (2017). How can NATO balance the importance of political/religious freedom or the right of expression against the real threats posed by domestic and international extremists? How do our decisions promote or inhibit humanity’s fundamental rights? Where does NATO draw the line? In this committee, it is NATO’s responsibility to address these fundamental questions.
TOPIC B: Addressing Natural Resource Concerns in the Emerging Arctic
Long untouched by humans, the Arctic region was far too hospitable for sustained economic growth or development. According to the National Snow and Ice Data Center, only 4 million people (roughly 0.053%) of the world’s entire population currently live in a region accounting for roughly 2.7% of the Earth’s land area. However, due to the growing impact of climate change, the Northern Arctic region has lost significant amounts of land exposing it to increased human activity. The Arctic offers an ideal, isolated location for military training exercises and operations. Additionally, the Arctic has approximately 90 billion barrels of oil as well as other natural resources estimated to be worth trillions of USD. In recent years, Russia has taken advantage of its arctic reach to increase its military involvement in the region raising concerns for NATO about the region’s political and economic future. Even the private sectors of many NATO member nations are using the region for furthering energy projects and maximizing personal gains. The goal of this committee is to determine if such parties are acting counterintuitive to the objectives of the UN and to address potential solutions to ease rising tensions in the region. How NATO members choose to address this potential conflict will impact the fate of one of Earth’s final frontiers.