Japanese Imperialism: Shōwa Period (JCC)
The Japanese government, Chinese government, and Korean liberation movement leaders will be challenged to meet the challenges of late imperialism, battles for influence, and internal social and political conflict with creativity, thoughtfulness, and strategy.
Crisis Director: Maggie Baughman
Maggie Baughman is a sophomore in the Woodrow Wilson School from Columbia, Maryland, and minors in East Asian Studies and Applications of Computing, taking Chinese and Japanese. At Princeton, she is captain of the Model UN Team, and involved with the Club Climbing Team, Outdoor Action, and the Playwrights Guild. In her free time, she enjoys comparing Princeton's ice cream shops, doing yoga, and wandering around Princeton's beautiful campus!
China Chair: Scott Overbey
My name is Scott Overbey, and I'm a sophomore from Cincinnati, OH planning to study in the Woodrow Wilson School with minors in Urban Studies and History and the Practice of Diplomacy. On campus, I do Model UN and Engineers without Borders, and I am very interested in studying poverty, politics, and international development. I'm very excited to be your chair, and I hope you have a great PMUNC!
China Topic Description
China, for centuries the leading power in the East, struggled to combat the intrusion of colonial powers from Europe, the United States, Russia, and Japan in the late nineteenth century. Caught up in internal political and social unrest, the Qing dynasty ceded much authority over land, trade, and ports to colonial powers. The establishment of republican government in 1912 did not solve the political discord, and by the middle of the 1920s, China is in the throws of increasing political conflict between the nationalist KMT and communist CPC, facing external threats to autonomous trade and governance, and combatting Japanese intrusions.
Japan chair: Shreyas Kumar
Hi! My name is Shreyas, and I'm a sophomore from Nashville studying Politics and Philosophy at Princeton. Other than being on the International Relations Council on campus, I compete on the Princeton Debate Panel, serve on the governing council for Whig-Clio, edit for the Princeton Journal of East Asian Studies, and am a member of Princeton's Fed Challenge team. I did MUN through high school and college, and am excited to be your chair at PMUNC this fall!
Japan Topic Description
After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Japan entered a period of growth, colonization, and increasing power on the global stage. Japan’s meteoric rise to prominence in the colonial sphere was marked by rapid westernization, adoption of a new system of governance, and increasing conflicts with other colonial powers over control of East Asia. Japan extended control over Manchuria and other parts of China by the early 1900s, and annexed Korea in 1910. By 1926, Japan is experiencing a surge in nationalistic and militaristic ambitions, attempting large-scale internal political shifts while maintaining an ambitious overseas agenda.
Korea Chair: Dina Kuttab
My name is Dina, and I'm a student in the class of 2021 at Princeton. I'm an International student from Jordan. I plan on majoring in Molecular Biology with a certificate in History and the Practice of Diplomacy. I am especially interested in the history and politics of the Middle East, and in US foreign policy. On campus, I'm a member of the MUN team, a Peer Academic Advisor, a tour guide, and an International Center Leader.
Korea Topic Description
Korea had traditionally fallen under China’s sphere of influence, and experienced a stable few centuries during the early Qing dynasty in China. However, Korea was plagued by imperialist pressures in the nineteenth century, and became a pawn over which different empires battled. With the Sino-Japanese War in the 1890s, China was forced out of contention, while the Russo-Japanese war eliminated Russia in 1904. Japan established Korea as a protectorate state in 1905, and fully annexed the kingdom in 1910. Japanese occupation brought tremendous hardships to the region, with the suppression of Korean culture and identity, massive conscriptions of dissidents for labor, and extermination of all resistance movements. By 1926, Korea has been under Japanese rule for more than a decade and a half, and the Korean liberation movement is seeking to reestablish an independent Korea.