The International Criminal Court (ICC)

The International Criminal Court is an international tribunal that investigates and tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community.

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CHAIR: Joe Ort

Joe is a junior at Princeton in the History department, with certificates in Spanish and Applied Ethics. He competes with Princeton’s Model UN and Mock Trial teams, as well as tour guiding for the art museum on campus. In his free time, Joes likes to learn Bob Dylan and Paul Simon on the guitar and plays an inordinate amount of foosball. Hailing from Colorado, Joe also relishes hiking, camping, and wildlife.


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case a: Office of the Prosecutor v. Hubert Lyautey

Today, we recognize 20th-century colonialism as exploitative and insidious. Can we hold historical individuals singularly responsible for the harmful practices of their nation-states, though? Consider the case of Hubert Lyautey, a French military officer turned administrator in the 1910’s and 20’s. Lyautey orchestrated the French takeover of Morocco. Does the fact that Morocco became a protectorate, not a colony, help exonerate him? Or that Lyautey demonstrably admired the Moroccan people? Or that he preserved much of the traditional monarchy? The question here is not whether colonialism is condemnable, rather should we hold Lyautey responsible in the case of Morocco?

CASE B: OTP v. Henry Kissinger, et al.

Henry Kissinger has been celebrated as one of the finest American diplomats. Yet, his legacy remains extremely controversial worldwide. Should this court prosecute Kissinger for war crimes due to his foreign policy decisions in relation to the 1971 Bangladesh genocide? Kissinger in no way played a direct role in the atrocities, but this court must evaluate whether providing succor to Pakistan emboldened their forces to kill with impunity.  

CASE C: OTP v. Paul Kagame, et al.

The 1994 Rwandan genocide was a nadir of the 20th century. The intervention of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), led in-exile by Paul Kagame, halted the killings. Despite this decisive role for good, Kagame has become known as one of the most repressive leaders in Africa in the twenty years since. Allegations of retaliatory killings and atrocities by the RPF linger, and Kagame continues to make undemocratic decisions with his executive power. Does these worrying trends warrant a re-examination of Kagame’s legacy?