The International Criminal Court (ICC)
The International Criminal Court is an international tribunal that investigates and tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community.
CHAIR: Elkhyn Rivas
Elkhyn Rivas is a senior in the Department of History with a focus on U.S. foreign relations with the Middle East and East Asia in the post-WWII period. 2018 marks his third time staffing this committee, having chaired the body in 2017 and served as its director in 2015. Outside of Model UN, Elkhyn is the Vice President of Princeton Mock Trial, the Vice Chair of the University Honor Committee Peer Representatives, an Orange Key Tour Guide, and an unfriendly desk worker at Firestone Library. Upon graduation, he has found a job helping the world's wealthiest companies become even wealthier. Born in Venezuela, he currently lives in South Carolina.
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case a: OTP v. Andrew Jackson, et. al.
The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court will prosecute Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren in their respective capacities as Presidents of the United States of America for the Crime of Genocide under Article VI of the Rome Statute. On December 8, 1829, President Jackson declared before the United States that attempts by Native Americans “to erect an independent government within the limits of Georgia and Alabama” had left him with no choice but to inform those individuals “that their attempt to establish an independent government would not be countenanced by the Executive of the United States” and to advise “them to emigrate beyond the Mississippi or submit to the laws of those States.” Despite stating that “this emigration should be voluntary,” after the passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act--which demarcated territory west of the river Mississippi into tribal districts, effectively trading the promise of lands in the west in exchange for extant tribal holdings in the east--state and federal governments were able to leverage financial incentives and the threat of war to force tribal peoples, beginning with the Choctaw Nation in 1831 and continuing throughout the course of the decade, to cede their lands and move westward, the most famous application of this policy of course being the 1838 removal of the Cherokee people during the Presidency of Martin Van Buren. The policy is estimated to have led to the deaths of tens of thousands of Native Americans.
CASE B: OTP v. William McKinley, et. al.
The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court will prosecute William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt II in their respective capacities as Presidents of the United States of America for War Crimes under Article VIII of the Rome Statute. Between February 4, 1899, and July 2, 1902, a formal state of war existed between the United States and the First Philippine Republic (after 1902, an unincorporated territory of the United States). During that time, units of the United States Army and Navy committed numerous atrocities against Filipino combatants and non-combatants.
CASE C: OTP v. Harold Truman
The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court will prosecute Harold S. Truman in his capacity as President of the United States for the Crime of Aggression under Article 8 bis of the Rome Statute. On October 1, 1950, American, South Korean, and United Nations forces operating under the command of General MacArthur successfully pushed the Korean People’s Army across the 38th parallel, effectively restoring the status quo ante on the Korean peninsula. General MacArthur then ordered the unconditional surrender of North Korean combatants to his unified command. On October 7, 1950, General MacArthur crossed the 38th Parallel, entering the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, according with an order from Secretary Marshall that MacArthur should “feel unhampered tactically and strategically to proceed north of the 38th parallel” and flouting a declaration from Zhou Enlai, the Premier of the People’s Republic of China, that such an action--in effect an attempt to change the status quo ante--would invite a Chinese response. On October 19, the first Chinese troops entered North Korea. Over the coming days, thousands more would cross the Yalu River, often aided by Soviet air support. MacArthur’s intervention in the north ultimately preceded a gross escalation in the size of the war, ultimately leading to millions of civilian and non-combatant deaths.